This document was published more than 2 years ago. The nature of the evidence may have changed.
This is a summary of the results of SBU’s evaluation of “Treatment of insomnia in adults”. Insomnia is a general term which encompasses several types of sleep disorders. Most people who seek treatment for insomnia do so because of perceived problems such as inadequate hours of sleep or poor sleep quality, leading to a diminished sense of well-being and impaired daytime functioning. Examples of common sleep disorders are that it is hard to get to sleep, awakening after falling asleep and finding it hard to get back to sleep, awakening too early in the morning, or combinations of these disorders. Insomnia increases with age and is more common in women.
Those seeking professional help for relief of insomnia usually initially receive individually tailored counselling in self-care, eg to try to maintain a regular diurnal rhythm, to avoid eating and drinking habits known to disturb sleep and to ensure that the environment in the bedroom is conducive to sleep. However, the present evaluation has focused on treatment methods which can be used when such self-care does not give adequate relief.
How to cite this report: SBU. Treatment of insomnia in adults. Stockholm: Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment (SBU); 2010. SBU report no 199 (in Swedish).
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