Programs for preventing suicide and suicide attempt in children

Reading time approx. 5 minutes Published: Publication type:

SBU Assessment

Presents a comprehensive, systematic assessment of available scientific evidence for effects on health, social welfare or disability. Full assessments include economic, social and ethical impact analyses. Assessment teams include professional practitioners and academics. Before publication the report is reviewed by external experts, and scientific conclusions approved by the SBU Board of Directors.

Published: Report no: 336 Registration no: SBU 2020/885 ISBN: 978-91-88437-83-9

A summary of this report is currently undergoing translation.

For more information please contact project manager Agneta Petersson at: 

Lik to the Swedish report:

Program för att förebygga suicid och suicidförsök hos barn

Link to PROSPERO (International prospective register of systematic reviews) at National Institute for Health and Care Research, NIHR: PROSPERO

Reference list of the full report

  1. SBU. Skolbaserade program för att förebygga självskadebeteende inklusive suicidförsök. En systematisk litteraturöversikt. Stockholm: Statens beredning för medicinsk och social utvärdering (SBU); 2015. SBU-rapport 241. [accessed May 25 2021]. Available from:
  2. Nationella Självskadeprojektet. Borås: Uppdrag Psykisk Hälsa. [accessed May 25 2021]. Available from:
  3. Nationellt Centrum för Suicidforskning och Prevention (NASP). Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet (KI). [accessed May 25 2021]. Available from:
  4. Silverman MM, Berman AL, Sanddal ND, O'Carroll P W, Joiner TE. Rebuilding the tower of Babel: a revised nomenclature for the study of suicide and suicidal behaviors. Part 2: Suicide-related ideations, communications, and behaviors. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2007;37(3):264-77. Available from:
  5. Hawton K, Rodham K, Evans E, Weatherall R. Deliberate self harm in adolescents: self report survey in schools in England. Bmj. 2002;325(7374):1207-11. Available from:
  6. Nationella folkhälsoenkäten – Hälsa på lika villkor. Solna: Folkhälsomyndigheten. [accessed May 25 2021]. Available from:
  7. Folkhälsomyndigheten. Psykisk hälsa och suicidprevention. Lägesrapport 2020. Solna: Folkhälsomyndigheten; 2015. Artikelnummer 20144. [accessed May 25 2021]. Available from:
  8. Larsson Omerov P. Parents who have lost a son or daughter through suicide : towards improved care and restored psychological health. Stockholm: Karolinska institutet; 2014.
  9. Scocco P, Preti A, Totaro S, Corrigan PW, Castriotta C. Stigma, grief and depressive symptoms in help-seeking people bereaved through suicide. J Affect Disord. 2019;244:223-30. Available from:
  10. Spillane A, Larkin C, Corcoran P, Matvienko-Sikar K, Arensman E. What are the physical and psychological health effects of suicide bereavement on family members? Protocol for an observational and interview mixed-methods study in Ireland. BMJ Open. 2017;7(3):e014707. Available from:
  11. Westerlund M, Hökby S, Hadlaczky G. Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among Swedish Suicide-Bereaved Women: Increased Risk Associated With the Loss of a Child, Feelings of Guilt and Shame, and Perceived Avoidance From Family Members. Front Psychol. 2020;11:1113. Available from:
  12. MSB. Skolbaserade program för att förebygga självskadebeteende inklusive suicidförsök. En systematisk litteraturöversikt. Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB); 2015. Publikationsnummer MSB946. [accessed May 25 2021]. Available from:
  13. Olofsson S, Persson U, Hultkrantz L, Gerdtham U. Riskvärden för vägtrafikolyckor. En studie av betalningsviljan med kedje-ansatsen Lund: Institutet för hälso- och sjukvårdsekonomi (IHE); 2016. Konsultrapport 29 augusti 2016. [accessed Jun 3 2021]. Available from:
  14. Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, Group P. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. Ann Intern Med. 2009;151(4):264-9, W64. Available from:
  15. Covidence systematic review software. Veritas Health Innovation, Melbourne, Australia. Available from:
  16. Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Vist GE, Kunz R, Falck-Ytter Y, Alonso-Coello P, et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. Bmj. 2008;336(7650):924-6. Available from:
  17. SBU. Utvärdering av metoder i hälso- och sjukvården och insatser i socialtjänsten: en metodbok. . Stockholm: Statens beredning för medicinsk och social utvärdering (SBU). [accessed May 20 2021]. Available from:
  18. Schilling EA, Lawless M, Buchanan L, Aseltine RH, Jr. "Signs of Suicide" shows promise as a middle school suicide prevention program. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2014;44(6):653-67. Available from:
  19. Vidot DC, Huang S, Poma S, Estrada Y, Lee TK, Prado G. Familias Unidas' Crossover Effects on Suicidal Behaviors among Hispanic Adolescents: Results from an Effectiveness Trial. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2016;46 Suppl 1:S8-14. Available from:
  20. Wellander L. A Cost-effectiveness Model for Reducing Suicidal Behaviour in Sweden: Using YAM as an Example. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet; 2017.
  21. Aseltine RH, Jr., DeMartino R. An outcome evaluation of the SOS Suicide Prevention Program. Am J Public Health. 2004;94(3):446-51. Available from:
  22. Aseltine RH, Jr., James A, Schilling EA, Glanovsky J. Evaluating the SOS suicide prevention program: a replication and extension. BMC Public Health. 2007;7:161. Available from:
  23. Wasserman D, Hoven CW, Wasserman C, Wall M, Eisenberg R, Hadlaczky G, et al. School-based suicide prevention programmes: the SEYLE cluster-randomised, controlled trial. Lancet. 2015;385(9977):1536-44. Available from:
  24. Bostwick JM, Pabbati C, Geske JR, McKean AJ. Suicide Attempt as a Risk Factor for Completed Suicide: Even More Lethal Than We Knew. Am J Psychiatry. 2016;173(11):1094-100. Available from:
  25. Caves Sivaraman JJ, Naumann RB. Estimating the association between mental health disorders and suicide: a review of common sources of bias and challenges and opportunities for US-based research. Curr Epidemiol Rep. 2020;7(4):352-62. Available from:
Page published