- None of the included studies provided scientific evidence to support that any instrument had sufficient accuracy to predict future suicide with 80% sensitivity and 50% specificity.
- There is strong evidence to support that the SAD PERSONS Scale has very low sensitivity. Most persons who make future suicidal acts are not identified.
- Research is needed to clarify if assessment of suicide risk is enhanced when an instrument is used as a complement to the global clinical assessment. To date such research is lacking.
- More research is needed to clarify the reliability of the commonly used instruments SUAS and C-SSRS.
- As of yet there are no studies that assess whether the suicide item of the Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) can predict suicidal acts.
How to cite this report: SBU. Instruments for Suicide risk assessment. Stockholm: Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services (SBU); 2015. SBU report no 242 (in Swedish).
- Bo Runesson (Chair)
- Ingalill Jildevik Adamsson
- Tobias Edbom
- Anna Lindblad
- Margda Waern
- Jenny Odeberg (Project Director)
- Elisabeth Gustafsson (Project Administrator)
- Harald Gyllensvärd (Health Economist)
- Hanna Olofsson (Information Specialist)
- Agneta Pettersson (Assistant Project Director)
More on the subject
Runeson B, Odeberg J, Pettersson A, Edbom T, Jildevik Adamsson I, Waern M (2017). Instruments for the assessment of suicide risk: A systematic review evaluating the certainty of the evidence. PLoS ONE 12(7): e0180292.