This document was published more than 2 years ago. The nature of the evidence may have changed.
This section summarizes the findings from SBU’s assessment of diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment of chronic, open angle glaucoma and elevated intraocular pressure (ocular hypertension, OH). Glaucoma is a disease affecting the optic nerve, leading to visual field defects. The causes of glaucoma are not fully understood, but elevated intraocular pressure is the most important risk factor. Diagnosis involves examining the visual field, optic disc, and retinal nerve fiber layer. Although intraocular pressure is also measured, it is not part of the diagnostic definition of glaucoma. All treatment strategies aim at reducing intraocular pressure to delay progression of the disease.
How to cite this report: SBU. Open angle glaucoma – Diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment. Stockholm: Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU); 2008. SBU report no 190 (in Swedish).
presents a comprehensive, systematic assessment of available scientific evidence. The certainty of the evidence for each finding is systematically reviewed and graded. Full assessments include economic, social, and ethical impact analyses.
SBU assessments are performed by a team of leading professional practitioners and academics, patient/user representatives and SBU staff. Prior to approval and publication, assessments are reviewed by independent experts, SBU’s Scientific Advisory Committees and Board of Directors.